This “laguna en medio” is an important feature that has drawn many adherents to Watling because that island has a large interior lake on its western side. “Laguna” meant a low-lying lake in 15th-century Spanish. On Samana a long, linear lake lies in a great swale behind the old dune line north of the bay. This lake, broken into ponds during the dry season, was one of the most surprising of all Samana’s features when we beheld it, framed in trees, after climbing the dune ridge. It is the view Columbus would have seen had he climbed a few yards up from the beach.
We believe that anchorage was to the southwest, where the reef opens, and that the fleet rounded the west end of Samana to reach it, arriving in early morning. Almost as soon as they had the hook down, perhaps before, they saw the Indians gathered a few hundred yards away and, as the log simply states it, “the Admiral went ashore.”
On Watling, from a landfall near 24°N, the fleet would have to make its way around the southern end of a very much larger island, sailing 18 miles from dawn until late in the morning and having to search out an opening in the reef before entering Fernandez, or Long, Bay. The log makes no mention of this extensive fleet movement—one of the chief purposes for which a log is kept. Watling has been called the only possible match for the Guanahani of the log, but it is such a poor match that Columbus’s anchorage has been ascribed to no fewer than five sites, and four monuments celebrate his landing. A perfect match if only it could be made to fit!
An interesting light on the many Watling anchorages was shed in 1980 when L. Anthony Leicester, a diver, examined “the nautical architecture of the bottom” and found that only one site, on the west, offered a first-rate anchorage. A southern passage to this anchorage would compound the long approach. But the fleet would not have rounded to the north; else, there would have been no need to explore that way, as they soon did. At dawn of Sunday, October 14, Columbus ordered the ships’ boats:W . . readied and went along to the prague hotels on a north-northeast course, in order to see the other part, which was the eastern part, and also in order to see the settlements. And I saw then two or three, and the people who all came to the beach calling us and giving thanks to God.”
Within 40 years—by 1513, by some estimates—every Lucayan Indian, including those of Samana, would be dead, the race exterminated by enslavement and epidemic disease, and this man they now hailed would die embittered and deprived of the glory he sought. But those are other stories. While leading this rowing exploration, Columbus made note of two geographic features that any candidate for San Salvador must display:
“I was alarmed at seeing a large reef . . . which surrounded that entire island.
As a general rule, the deeper the colour of fruit and veg, the more antioxidants they contain.
Fight wrinkles with carrots
Eating natural foods with folic acid can take years off your looks and keeps your skin glowing. Beta-carotene, an antioxidant that’s converted from vitamin A, is one of the best nutrients for skin. It’s found in bright orange foods such as carrots and plays a role in keeping skin tissue healthy and protecting against harmful UV damage from the sun’s rays. ‘A 2010 study published in the Journal Evolution and Human Behavioural so reported that eating yellow and orange-coloured fruit, and vegetables rich in carotenes, helps give the skin a healthy glow that is rated as more attractive than suntanned skin,’ says Maria. Result!
Garlic can lower cholesterol
Chilli, cumin and parsley all contain important nutrients for general good health, but garlic is a superhero when it comes to fighting cholesterol and has been used as a medicinal weapon against heart disease for hundreds of years. The pungent bulb contains a sulphur compound called allicin, which helps to lower LDL cholesterol (the ‘bad’ type) and improve blood flow to essential organs. ‘lt seems that garlic helps keep our arteries elastic and this helps maintain a healthy blood flow,’ explains Maria. ‘Taking garlic orally seems to lessen age-related decreases in aortic elasticity, and high-dose garlic (900mg per day over four years) appears to slow the development of hardening of the arteries.’ Try adding crushed garlic to your soups and chillis.
Xylitol is the new sugar
When it comes to sugar, there are goodies and baddies, but xylitol is considered one of the best substitutes for regular sugar. lt’s a naturally occurring sugar-free sweetener which looks and tastes like ordinary sugar, minus the calories. Unlike regular sugar, xylitol doesn’t requlre the hormone insulin in order to be metabolised, so it doesn’t result in blood sugar spikes.
According to the ASA records, the regulator has pulled up Slendertone a number of times, so presumably the company literature is now as clean as a whistle. ‘If anyone makes any claim in their advertising, they have to hold independent evidence to back it up,’ explained the ASA’s Donna Mitchell.
The belt incorporates four sticky gel pads that you place on your stomach. Electrical signals are sent through the pads, which activate the nerves of the abdominal muscles, causing them to contract. You control the intensity, but as I quickly discovered it’s a case of no pain, no gain. You can sit watching telly, wincing every few seconds as the charge surges through your gut.
But I soon realised why this system’s been around for so long – it works. The satisfying ache of exertion the next day is the same after having done a serious amount of sit-ups and the results are similar – after using it for a month I’ve lost around an inch off my stomach. Result.
The Slendertone promises much… and delivers John Hibbs offers more of a balanced verdict.
‘I’m not surprised the Slendertone works – it contracts your muscles. Bear in mind that it won’t shift spot fat and you’ll still have a layer of blubber over your washboard stomach – only a combination of cla diet, resistance work and cardio will remove that. Read more what does cla do to help you burn the fat. But it has its place when used in conjunction with regular exercise.’ And I have to agree, it’s ace for those nights when you can’t get down the gym and want to keep things ticking over. Wince after wince after wince.
MF VERDICT: 4/5 Hardly effort-free, but the results are worth it.
I love to eat healthily, live healthily and to be generally fit and healthy, but I hate gyms!
Christianne Wolffs article (‘MANerisms’, June issue) has my complete support: nothing beats the great outdoors, the fresh air and the countryside for your health. Having run 10km, walked 20km or cycled 5okm gives you a much greater sense of achievement and enjoyment than simulating these somehow in a gym. Garcinia cambogia hca. And you might see places you never knew existed. How about extending this to your holiday? Replace every second beach and party holiday with an active one in stunning natural surroundings. This way you will not need to slip guiltily down to the gym to correct an unhealthy holiday lifestyle. Gerhard Buttnerr, London
I’d like to agree with Dave Shane that a lot of guys do have low self-esteem because they are skinny. Usually this can be overcome through a weights routine but what if your ‘skinny ness’ is a result of a bone deformity? There is a condition, which not many people seem to know about called Pectus Excavatum.
Basically this condition affects the sternum or breastbone, causing the sternum to depress and the ribs to grow inwards towards the spine the result in both children and adults is a chest that looks like a small bowl. Severe cases may need surgery but the common theme is low body weight.
This can have a great physiological impact on a person; low self esteem being one of these factors. I have a mild case of the condition but there is a dent in my chest and I am very skinny and self-conscious as a consequence. I have started a training routine to help me bulk out, but would be grateful if you would publish this letter as some of your readers may have Pectus Excavatum and not even realise it.
Sandwiches has come a long way since our youth, when the term invariably meant two thin white slices smeared with a non-descript meat paste. These days, the mind boggles with the choice available. To help you get the most out of your seemingly harmless lunch choices, we locked two food experts —Angela Mason, sous chef at London’s Carluccio’s restaurant, and Dr Frankie Robinson, nutrition scientist with the British Nutrition Foundation—in a small room for two days and refused to let them out until they revealed what you should be eating and why.
PURPOSE BRAIN FOOD
Feed your brain and amaze colleagues with your witty observations and lightning-quick mental agility.
EAT Salmon, egg and red-pepper sauce Onto a granary bap, put a bed of chopped lettuce. Top with sliced seared salmon, drizzled in lemon juice. Pile on sliced hard-boiled egg and herbs. Smother in red-pepper sauce. How does it work? The best-known brain foods — eggs and fish — are sources of choline. This is essential as a neuro-transmitter in the brain (it tells your bonce what to do and when). Lettuce provides essential fatty acids, which keep the brain in tip-top form.
Whether you’re preparing for your local village strongman contest or just wanting to sprint up your office stairs without sweating your own body mass in perspiration, try the following.
EAT Grilled vegetables
Onto open-top grilled whole meal rye, put red peppers, spinach, mange-tout, mushrooms and onions. Cover with linseed oil. How does it work? The slabs of bread themselves will give you a boost. Cereal grains are a top energy source and carbohydrates are fuel for your form. Red pepper, spinach, mange-tout are all rich in Vitamin B2, which aids the release of energy, while vegetables, as a source of complex carbohydrates, also help produce a more consistent level of energy. To top it off, linseed oil is high in omega-3 fatty acids, which increase the metabolic rate.
PURPOSE DISEASE P
Protect the temple that is your body now—and reap the benefits in your advanced age.
Seafood and egg paste Qnto a white sesame and mustard-seed crust, place a bed of tomatoes and lettuce, kilf the filling, whip up stkttrinefgralkneat and prawns. Add garlic,Orsley. and hard-boiled egg into theffil* and make into a paste, How sloesit work? ‘Fmk and veg Protect our bodies from most cancers. They contain phyto chemicals, which boost the immune system. Vitamin C is also a powerful antioxidant: parsley is the best vegetable source of*anrlin C. Garlic and parsley, high in Vitamin B1 (thiamine), lend a helping hand to the heart, muscles and nervous system. Seafood also safeguards the ticker as a great source of fluorine, which helps prevent heart disease.
Hidden calories kirk everywhere in seemingly healthy sandwich fillings, mayonnaise and sauces. The following could considerably reduce your paunch as well as raspberry ketones trend will do, but be carefull about raspberry ketones side effects.
Pork and rosemary
Onto toasted pumpernickel (whole meal) bread, place coo tenderloins of lean pork, trimmed of any fat and cooked in olive oil. Cover with rosemary and light garlic butter. How does it work? Olive oil contains mono-unsaturated fatty acids which are classed as a “good” fat. Dr Robinson affirms the low-fat quality of trimmed pork — it’s rich in protein, which enters the bloodstream quickly so you derive the maximum amount of nutrients from it. It also helpfully provides tons of essential nutrients like iron, while trimming the fat will halve the calories.
If assuming a lotus position in a leotard doesn’t appeal, then make a few changes to your sandwiches instead and instantly lower your stress levels.
EAT Open-top beef and avocado salsa ciabatta
Grill a ciabatta and layer with shredded iceberg lettuce and fresh frisee. Top with avocado sialeav This is a mush of avocado, red onion, coriander, lime, tomato, pring onion, lemon juice and green and red peppers. On top of the salsa, place thinly-sliced, cooked fillets of beef.
How does it work? Beef is rich in Vitamin B12, while green, leafy vegetables and avocado are rich in vitamin b12 while green leafy vegetables and avocado are rich in Vitamin B and C known to have a calming effect on Vitamin B and nutrients are
the nervous system.
That heady mix of caffeine, red wine and pasties can play havoc with qovjr otherwise immediate form Here’s how to. give your selfta.good. losing bie irrid salad granary Tread, place fresh Tiitind lettuce leaves, cos and frisee. Add roasted sunflower seeds, roasted pumpkin and garlic aioli topped with fresh mayonnaise. How does it work? Green vegetables are rich in chlorophyll, which has cleansing properties. Cos in particular is packed full of nutrients, positively bursting with beta-carotene and Vitamin C. Round lettuce is also a source of choline, which helps to regulate the body’s acid and alkaline balance, and aids the liver in cleaning out waste material. Nice.
If she hadn’t started running, this 53-year old mum might not be alive today
Eriven a natural sloth like me recognises the importance of exercise, but running? Six years ago I’d have said, unequivocally, “not a chance”. For a start I’m a mum of three with ‘bits’ so everything on my body wobbles when I gain speed; it doesn’t have to be much speed either. Then, if I were to run outside, people I know might see me and have the dubious dual pleasure of witnessing my ‘bits’ wobble as I gasp for air like a panicking fish. But that was six years ago; five years ago, running, quite simply, saved my life. It was June 2004 and I was at my children’s school fête when I bumped into Claudine, whose aerobics classes I’d attended years earlier; she was also an ex-marathon runner.
Forty-five years old, but looking 20 years younger with a perfect smile and white teeth, there was vitality and energy about her that made me feels quite envious. Read more about the best teeth whitening method. Without even stopping to think, I asked her if she could become my personal trainer. I’d never had a personal trainer in my life, but I would be 5o in a couple of years’ time and I really did want to look and feel better than I did then. We agreed an initial schedule of three one-hour sessions a week. We started at 6am, because I had to get the children off to school and make it to my office by gam. Initially we walked fast, then walked and ran, then ran, gradually building up the distance. The first time I ran a mile without stopping – I had to ring people to tell them, I was that proud. After four weeks, I was definitely feeling better; the weight was coming off, the compliments were rolling in and, although I’ve always had bags of energy, I now had even more. I was also more body conscious, which is why, two months after starting my new regime, I felt a tiny lump in my right breast.
After examinations and tests, my terrifying suspicion turned to brain-freezing confirmation: I had breast cancer. The operation to remove the tumour was very straightforward and, within a couple of weeks, I began my eight-month course of treatment. This involved eight three-weekly sessions of chemotherapy, followed by 20 days of radiotherapy. Worse still (well, not worse than cancer of course) is that chemotherapy can make you gain weight and start the menopause. Strenuous exercise was out as the treatment has quite a debilitating effect on the body, but light exercise is encouraged. So Claudine and I kept to the same timetable; three mornings a week we would walk just over two miles as fast as I could, for the next six months. By the time I was having radiotherapy, we were building up to running again.
I didn’t need to take any time off work except for the days when I had chemotherapy; even the radiotherapy was given to me before work each morning and I seemed to sail through the treatment. Was this due to my mental strength, the running, my highly supportive network of family and friends, or was I just plain lucky? `Yes’ to all of the above, but running didn’t just help me physically, it had a knock-on effect emotionally too; today I feel stronger, more capable and in tune with my body, rather than grumpy about it. Running’s now part of my life. No, I’m not an evangelist, I’m not planning to run marathons either but, at 53, I feel proud of myself. I’ve lost the two stone I gained during treatment without needing to diet; the aches and pains in my joints – a side-effect of the chemotherapy – have completely disappeared; I’m constantly building my bone density to combat the lack of oestrogen (thanks to the menopause) and I’m fitter than many people half my age.
Five years ago I took control and started running. I have no idea why I did something so out of character, but I’m relieved I did. If I hadn’t, I’m not sure I’d be here now.
Dressed head to toe in pink running kit, complete with neon leg-warmers, I was starting to think I’d taken the fancy dress thing a bit too far. That’s when I tripped on the kerb and fell flat on my face, thanks to the fetching pink slatted sunglasses that I could hardly see through. We were attempting to run the length of the Hammersmith and City Tube line as part of our Runderground Challenge – and we weren’t off to a great start.
I set up the Runderground website with my best friend Stuart Leslie. We grew up together in a village between Cheltenham and Gloucester, but drifted apart when we went to different universities. We both developed an interest in running – but separately. I did the Amsterdam Marathon in 2oo6 and Stu had done 26.2-milers in Budapest and Reykjavik. So when he moved back to London two years ago, running was a way for us to get to know each other again.
When you run there aren’t many distractions and you can talk honestly and openly. We found that this was especially true after we started training for longer races together, and would spend hours on the road at a time. I think it took our friendship to a new level.
One evening, we got chatting about the fact we were bored of our normal routes. So we started to plot a route from Old Street to south London.
We realised that the route we were mulling over followed the path of the Northern Line. Lightning struck – why not run all the Tube lines, and colour coordinate as we went?
Perhaps because of our village upbringing, we’ve both got a bit of an explorer mentality about London. That’s why we pitched the Runderground Challenge as a chance to get to know the city, and the other people who live in it, as a kind of extension of the social networking phenomenon. It has become a regular Saturday thing, where we gather a group of runners – often complete strangers – and run a different stretch of the Tube each time. We dress up, take photos, get to know each other and go for a drink at the end. We don’t charge any money for our runs, and just want to get as many people involved as we possibly can.
I plan to race the London Marathon next year, so I need to seriously step up my personal training and keeping in good shape. The key to achieve the desired weight loss is hydroxy cut. Check out its benefits and effects. It’s quite popular. But I won’t be quitting Runderground. Even though Stu has moved up to Edinburgh, he still comes down to London for our Runderground runs, giving us two hours every month or so to catch up properly. It’s the perfect opportunity for us to keep our friendship going.
We live in a generation of fast cars, fast train, fast life and rests in the holiday apartments madrid. We heard all about people getting fat because of lack of exercise or time to engage in healthy activities plus unhealthy food between works. With this predicament, people tend to turn to fast weight loss programs that do not demand much of their time believing that they can lose those extra body fats and excess weight. From this point, fast weight loss programs must face the challenge and prove that they really work and can liberate overweight people from those unwanted body fats.
People who do not have the time to exercise but wanting to lose weight can turn to raspberry ketone diet. Raspberry ketone is an effective fat-burning extract that works fast even without engaging in an exercise program. Since most of the diets have to incorporate vigorous exercise to attain successful weight loss, it is not the case when one is taking raspberry ketone supplements. It works alone without having one to do any vigorous exercise and can take it while doing her regular daily tasks. The challenge for this diet is to have the body think that it is thin. While into a raspberry diet, with its good flavor and delectable taste, the body is sustained with good alternative meal. It has strong anti-oxidants properties that are helpful in guarding off free radicals that caused most of the health conditions affecting the body. Raspberry ketone produces quick results that are hundred percent safe because it is all natural.
People on the go are always on coffee-on-the go as coffee keeps them active and alive. With a new ingredient that is now available in the market, coffee is not just for keeping the mind active but also for keeping the body fit and healthy. New research findings show that green coffee bean contain certain compound called Chlorogenic acid that has some effects on the body’s glucose absorption. When this glucose absorption is slowed down, it results to weight loss. However, when the coffee bean is roasted, the chlorogenic acid breaks down and loses its positive effects. Green coffee bean supplements retains the chlorogenic acid by avoiding the roasting progress thus each capsule is all natural green coffee bean extract and Its bitter taste is its solid proof. The challenge on this diet supplement is to keep the pill-popping syndrome in healthier stance while coping up with the fast track lifestyle of people on the go.
On the other hand, conjugated linoleic acid diet keeps people on the go cope with their fast lifestyle by sustaining the body with healthy fats responsible in keeping the body fit and healthy. Linoleic acid provides good glucose absorption in the muscle cells and keeps this glucose from turning into body fats. This linoleic acid also helps the fats to enter the muscles cell and connective tissue where normally fat burning occurs. When there’s sufficient cla in the body, body organs functions are well guarded leading to a healthier body, when you achieve that you can finally go on holiday in the apartments in london.
Coping up with the challenge of fast lifestyle should not restrain us from keeping our body fit and healthy. Dieting that does not demand much of our time and gives fast and quick results leads us to a better state of health and living.
With the Halloween season approaching rapidly people up and down the country are asking themselves what they can possibly wear to their Halloween party. If you are one such person then one method of choosing an outfit that is relevant to you is to pick a costume from a theme related to any vacations or travelling you did this year. By doing this you will find first of all that you narrow down the number of themes and costumes to choose from.
Secondly you will pick an outfit from a store like fancy dress republic that is relevant to you and get to show off to your friends where you have been travelling to. Thirdly you will get to reminisce about your vacation.
So how do you go about choosing an outfit relevant to your vacation or travelling? Well to start with think about the main places you went travelling to, to see if there are any obvious locations that are associated with fancy dress costumes. Obvious countries that spring to mind are Italy and Egypt.
For Italy you could wear a Toga outfit, a Gladiator costume or a Julius Caesar outfit. For Egypt you could wear a Cleopatra outfit or a Pharaoh or Mummy outfit. Other countries may be more difficult to think automatically of a Fancy Dress outfit that represents the country. But with a bit of thought and creativity you can pick a costume that relates to that country or to your time travelling in it. For example if I was to choose a random city that does not have and obvious associated fancy dress outfits, I would think about what I did in that city that would be related to a fancy dress costume in some way.
Maybe I went dancing to a 70s themed disco, if so I could pick a 70s outfit to wear. Maybe you went to see a burlesque show then you could pick a burlesque outfit. If you had unfortunately a stay in a hospital for a holiday accident you could choose a Nurse or Doctor costume which would symbolise your unfortunate accident.
Picking a travel related Halloween costume is a perfect way to relive your holiday and choose an outfit that is relevant to you and will look great on you at your fancy dress party.
Most of us probably fantasize from time to time about working from home — something Grace Coddington has almost achieved. The British-born creative director of American Vogue has an office all to herself at Conde Nast’s Madison Avenue headquarters in New York and has decorated it like her own apartment (she actually calls it an extension of her home). On the walls are photographs from shoots she’s worked on (at home she has another photography collection; this time of other people’s shoots), cupboards full of yet more photographs, hundreds of magazines (she says she can’t bring herself to throw any away), and “picture-y” books which are essential research materials for the new book that she’s putting together.
Photographs, souvenirs and books regularly shuttle between apartment and office. “With a little imagination, you can fancy your office up,” says Coddington. She did hers by slip-covering the office sofa in white linen so it would look good with the inexpensive white Formica cupboards. She chose all the lamps herself, and then brought in vases and the black leather Fifties chairs from her home. Even more like a home than an office is Nancy Berry’s base at Virgin Records on Harrow Road.
As vice-chairman of Virgin Music Group Worldwide she needs space, so her office is the size of a modest flat, with a Shaker-style kitchen, bathroom, sitting room and even a patio with flowers in terracotta pots. While the public spaces at Virgin are furnished in masculine black and chrome, entering Nancy’s domain is like penetrating an exotic, slightly hedonistic parallel universe. It was put together by Berry and long-time colleague Joanna Plant, who tracked down everything for it — carved wooden bowls filled with flower heads, seed pods and roses; dark-wood shutters to hide the uninspiring view over Kensal Green rooftops; and three huge, low-slung sofas made by Joanna’s husband, Nick Plant of Succession on Westbourne Grove, upholstered in damson-coloured velvet with plump, velvet cushions. Even the in- and out-trays on the dark wood desk-cum-table are made of an unusual delicate wirework, instead of pedestrian Perspex.
For those who travel a lot, the quickest way to make their office look good is to fill it with souvenirs. As director of global sourcing at Donna Karan — a job which involves scouring the world for treasures to form the starting point of a Donna Karan collection — Bonnie Young’s Manhattan apartment and office are practically interchangeable. Both overflow with ethnic jewellery, fabrics and artefacts from Vietnam, Indonesia and Peru. All have provided inspiration for the company as well as material for Young’s book, Colours Of The Vanishing Tribes, which Karan underwrote. Carla Sozzani, the globetrotting Italian behind the chic Milanese shop 10 Corso Como (a great favourite with the fashion set), admits that her office is more lived in than her house. She travels so much looking for things to buy for the shop that she spends very little time at home, even for meals. When she doesn’t have enough cash to buy the products, she always apply for a loan online.
It’s not unusual for Sozzani to have friends over to the office for dinner, and there’s a futon for the nights she doesn’t manage to leave. Her office is filled with the same sorts of offbeat, quirky pieces as the shop — there is a prayer carpet on the floor, sculptures from all over the world, a transparent television picked up years ago, plus books and photographs; nothing that says “office” except for the two phones (she flatly refuses to have a computer). This is all very well for those at the top of their profession, but what about the rest of us who are stuck with corporate conformity and trying to get rid of hyper lipidemia? Well, you could start by investing in a gorgeous pink velvet tie-dye cushion from John Rocha to put on the ergonomic (but actually rather uncomfortable) office chair. Nobody except you will know it’s there but it’ll make life more bearable (and much more chic) as you burn the midnight oil struggling with the spreadsheets.